Choosing The Best For Your Skin Type: A Beginner’s Guide

Have you ever bought that very pricy skincare product that “guarantees” an amazing result only to have it worsen your skin condition?

If so then don’t feel bad. You weren’t fooled. It might have been wrong for your skin type. Any skincare product you use has to be about your own skincare needs. So, there is no need to force 10 different skincare products if your skin doesn’t need it. You only need to understand what your skin needs. And for that, we are here to help you find the best product for your skin type.

There is no one-size-fits-all skincare product. Each individual skincare solution is built to target specific skin concerns. So to manifest an effective skincare regime, it is incredibly important to choose products that fit your skin. And to know what product fits you the best, the first step, obviously, is to determine your skin type. 

What is skin type? How to find my skin type?

source: femina.in

Skin type refers to the hydration level of your face. Basically, there are four different skin types: oily skin, dry skin, combination skin, and normal skin. 

To accurately determine which skin type you are you need to first wash your face. Just foam up a mind cleanser of your choice in your hands, gently rub it across your face and rinse it up. Now, let your skin rest for an hour. Do not use moisturizers, serums, or any products in your skin during this time period. And make sure not to go out or expose yourself to the sun or the pollution as well. In an hour, your skin will be ready to be examined.

After the wait, check how your skin is behaving. You will have one in four of the possibilities.

1. Your skin gets a Glowy texture

source: APKcure.com

 If you see that your skin is shining, almost like you sweat a little bit on your nose and forehead area, then you have oily skin.  

2. Your skin gets a bit flaky

source: prevention.com

 If you notice that your skin feels very tight or stripped, almost like you have no hydration on your skin then you have dry skin. You may also notice that your skin is getting flaky and showing lines when you change your facial expression.  

3. Your skin gets confusing

Now, if you notice that certain spots of your skin feel shiny and glowy, but at the same time your skin feels tight and almost flaky at some point then, I’m sorry to say, you have a combination skin type. Welcome to the matrix! This skin type, admittedly, is very tricky to deal with. But don’t worry, we’ll thoroughly grow through it one by one.   

4. Your skin seems fine

If you don’t feel greasy yet not so tight then my friend you are blessed with normal skin. This means you don’t need to worry too much about any skin problem. Just take care of the basics and you’re good to go!  

There is an alternative method to analyze your skin. This works very well if you are in a very hot or humid environment, and you are sweating all the time. Or even if you are in a very cold and dry climate. This procedure is very simple to perform.

You just need a mirror and a clean face to analyze. What you have to do is look closely at your pores. The bigger your pores are the more active it is in creating oil so if your pores are easily visible then you most definitely have oily skin. And similarly, if you look at your skin closely and see no openings then you’re more likely to have skin in a dryer spectrum.   

A man looking at himself in mirror. Squeezing pimple.

Decoding sensitive, acne-prone and sensitive skin type.

 Sensitive or acne-prone skin isn’t a skin type on itself, rather it is a skin concern. It is because you can have both sensitive and oily skin or sensitive and dry skin that it is regarded more as a concern. Acne-prone skin also lies in the same category for the same reason. Furthermore, if you feel that your skin is dehydrated then it also is only a skin concern. Unless you have normal skin, every other skin type is dehydrated. It is because your skin condition is the product of the hydration level of your skin. So if your skin is lacking basic hydration, it shows by producing either excess or very little oil.

Now that you are familiar with what skin type and conditions are, we can now determine what your skin type is and what it needs. 

CLEANSERs

 Washing your face should be the most basic step of any hygiene-related routine for everybody. It is incredibly important to cleanse your face twice a day to remove any impurities: environmental pollutant, dirt, or makeup layer, to avoid clogged pores, acne or dullness. 

What Cleanser Should I Use?

When you shop for a cleanser, the most important factor to remember is that it should be strong enough to remove all the impurities but not so strong that it will strip the healthy essential oil that your skin naturally produces for hydration. The cleanser that has a low pH, i.e. ranging from  5 to 5.5, is ideal. Furthermore, it is absolutely important to keep your skin type in mind to find the best cleanser that works wonders for you. 

So, What Kind Of Cleanser Suits My Skin Type?

OILY or ACNE-PRONE SKIN:

 A cleanser with foaming liquid works excellently if you have oily or acne-prone skin. This is because foaming cleansers when activated with water, will make an airy lather which is ideal for removing oils, layers of make-up, and even water-proof 24 hours guaranteed sunscreens. These solutions are made to be a little more powerful than the other types of cleansers so it might dry out your skin a little bit.

In addition, gel cleanser also is ideal for you since it is generally designed for deep cleansing. They are incredible at decongesting clogged pores, removing excess sebum, and killing acne-causing bacteria that works best for you. 

DRY SKIN

If you have dry sensitive skin then look for a creamy face cleanser. As cream cleansers are specially formulated with emollients such as glycerin and shea butter, they tend to be highly hydrating and very gentle on the skin even while cleaning away all the impurities. Cream cleanser can also come in the form of cleansing milk or lotion. 

COMBINATION SKIN

Micellar water is an excellent pick if you have a combination skin type. It is tailor to mattify oily skin without drying out other parts. Micellar water is a non-soap water-based cleanser that cleans away any dirt particle in your skin. However, if you apply heavy makeup, or are exposed to a lot of pollutants all day then micellar water might be a bit weak for your choice. So, in that case, it’s best to use oils or balm. Oil and balm melt into your skin and dissolves any heavy makeup and impurities while still hydrating the skin. The best thing is you can even do a double-cleanse using both face oil or balm and micellar water to get the best cleanse you can. In addition to that, you can also use a combination of liquid cleanser and oil or balm. 

NORMAL SKIN

If you have normal skin type then anything will work for you. You can either use water-based or oil-based cleansing products or both if you wear makeup or are exposed to pollutants. Traditional cleansers will also work best for you! It is very important for you to never skip cleansing two times a day because you have got the best chance of getting flawless porcelain skin if you are committed to this.

MOISTURIZER

Moisturizers cannot be skipped. This one is the most important step after cleansing and the only step doctors unanimously urge everyone to follow. Moisturizer essentially works to hydrate the skin. Over time our skin tends to lose the ability to hold moisture even from the mundanest activity like washing our face. These moisturizers come to aid by preventing water loss through the outer layer of skin and controlling excess oiliness or dryness. So, if used correctly, moisturizer is your fountain of youth.  

So, What Kind Of Moisturizer Suits My Skin Type?

OILY SKIN

If you have oily skin then you must think that adding moisturizer will only add more grease to your already shiny face. But this is not the case. As a matter of fact, the skin produces excess oil to cover dehydration. So to control your oily skin, choose a lightweight gel moisturizer. Gel moisturizers are mostly water-based so it absorbs quickly in your skin and locks the hydration giving you a non-greasy and fresh look. 

DRY SKIN

Dry skin NEEDS serious hydration. So you should look for a powerful and rich product in cream or soft creamy texture. Cream moisturizers are mostly oil-based and heavier than lotion. So it provides steady long term hydration giving you a glowing and perfectly smooth complexion in no time. To ensure ultimate hydration, we recommend you regularly use cream both in the morning and night. 

COMBINATION SKIN

The unevenness of your skin type makes choosing any skin care product a challenge. But when it comes to choosing a moisturizer, it is best to go for a lightweight one. Concentrate on areas that are dry and go easy on you T-zone or any spot that feels oily. Having a combination skin means you will need to learn how to improvise. Just experiment within the lightweight ones. And when you find the one that works for you, marry it.

NORMAL SKIN

If you are one of the few lucky ones with normal skin type then you should go for a classic lotion moisturizer. Since lotions are generally more hydrating than the gel but absorb better than heavier textured moisturizers. So basically, it falls in the middle. Just like your skin type 😉

SUN PROTECTION

Using sunscreen is yet another important step that you shouldn’t miss. Consistent use of sunscreen protects you from discolouration, premature ageing, collagen loss, and even from the development of skin cancer.

There are two basic types of sunscreen: physical blockers and chemical blockers. Physical blockers reflect sun rays by acting as a physical barrier. They offer protection from both UVA and UVB rays and are safe for anybody to use, even babies. Chemical blocker, on the other hand, absorbs sun rays, converts them into heat, and then releases it. They are thinner and spread quite easily making them ideal for daily use. In addition, chemical sunscreen is also easy to mix with other skincare products like peptides and enzymes. 

So, What Kind Of Sunscreen Suits My Skin Type?

OILY SKIN

 Many sunscreen formulas can make your skin appear greasier, but they are still non-negotiable for oily skin. You just need to be especially careful while picking one. Also, it is recommended to use a chemical formula to get, alcohol, or lotion texture. Since many of the mineral chemical formulas are drying, they will give you a matte finish even during the hottest days. 

DRY SKIN

 People with dry skin have no reason to not constantly use proper sun protection as it is highly useful in treating, protecting, and rejuvenating dryness. To boost up the hydration process, we suggest that you use a sunscreen contained moisturizer with soothing emollients. Mixing sunscreen with any moisturizer of your choice can be a superhero in protecting your skin. But please make sure to check for ingredients so that you are not cancelling any function of two products. You should also avoid spray sunscreens as they mostly have skin drying alcoholic formula in it. 

COMBINATION SKIN


For a combination skin type, it is quite difficult to pinout even the right kind of sunscreen. You need to be very careful to choose a unique texture which is somewhere between serum and gel so that it is light enough for the oily part, but smooth enough for the dry patches.

NORMAL SKIN

If you have a normal skin type then you can use pretty much any chemical or physical sun protection on a daily basis. If you are going for, let’s say vacation or a hike, then you should use a chemical lotion-based sunscreen with SPF with or more than 30+. But if you’re staying indoors for most of the part of your day then it would be better if you use something lighter like physical sunscreen with SPF 15+ and above. 

Now that you are clear on what your skin type is, and what is best for you, all that is left is you to build a routine and follow through! If you are looking for deeper insight into the ingredients that your skincare product has then please read our Beginner’s guide to acids. And if you are looking for an alternative skincare ritual then please read our article on the top 10 natural remedies to nourish your skin from inside out.

source: Nykaa.com

Do your research and enjoy your glow!

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